Neurophysiology of hypnosis.

Neurophysiol Clin. 2014 Oct;44(4):343-53. doi: 10.1016/j.neucli.2013.09.006. Epub 2013 Oct 29.
Neurophysiology of hypnosis.

Abstract

We here review behavioral, neuroimaging and electrophysiological studies of hypnosis as a state, as well as hypnosis as a tool to modulate brain responses to painful stimulations. Studies have shown that hypnotic processes modify internal (self awareness) as well as external (environmental awareness) brain networks. Brain mechanisms underlying the modulation of pain perception under hypnotic conditions involve cortical as well as subcortical areas including anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortices, basal ganglia and thalami. Combined with local anesthesia and conscious sedation in patients undergoing surgery, hypnosis is associated with improved peri- and postoperative comfort of patients and surgeons. Finally, hypnosis can be considered as a useful analogue for simulating conversion and dissociation symptoms in healthy subjects, permitting better characterization of these challenging disorders by producing clinically similar experiences.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Conversion disorders; Default mode network; External network; Hypnose; Hypnosis; Hysteria; Hystérie; Pain perception; Perception de la douleur; Réseau du mode par défaut; Réseau externe; Symptômes de conversion

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